Prisons have dated all the way back to over-the-hill Testament dates, the Bible tells of Joseph being imprisoned in Egypt. In the early times criminals that were imprisoned in dungeons. The more advanced prisons that are like we have today were introduced in capital of the United Kingdom in the 19th century. The idea behind prisons was to punish criminals by incarcerating them as a form of penalty instead of in effect(p) being a holding place for people that had been charge of committing that was awaiting crime.
The structure of the American prisons originated in Pennsylvania. In 1862 William Penn was the leader of the depression enjoin prison system that introduced punishing childbed in the house of corrections to replace torture and mutilation as punishments for crimes with hard labor. Labor in correctional institutions practically did not subsist during the Colonial period, but Penns penal code in 1682 which was the foundation of prison labor across the country.
The first state prison was the Walnut thoroughfare Jail was built in Philadelphia in 1773. Early on at the Walnut Street Jail it was Penns intentions to establish workhouses. In 1776, the constitution enacted laws establishing houses of corrections for punishing by hard labor, those who shall be convicted of crimes not capital.
It was during this time that hard work should be used as punishment and discipline. Prison industry was successful with the management and rehabilitation of criminals. From 1790 by dint of the 1820s, the most common jobs were nail making, shoe making, stone sawing, weaving, and choose and carding wool and hair. The piece price contract system was where industrial and commercial businesses supplied raw materials and agree to pay the state an agreed amount for the work to be done on for each one piece built by the inmate. This program later became bootless due to overcrowding in the prison, inmates that were sentenced to solitary confinement with hard labor were put in the congregate department of the prison and simulacrum celled. Other...If you want to get a full essay, order it on our website: Orderessay
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